Snap Fact #147

The Affordable Health Care Act Reform Helps Address Disparities in access to care!
Today we will end our series with a brief look at how this complicated omnibus bill seeks to level the playing field so all Americans have reasonable access to health care services.

ALREADY IN PLACE: 

1. Prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, age, and disability
The Affordable Health Care Act extended the nondiscrimination protections of Title VI, Title IX, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Age Discrimination Act to all federal financial assistance (including credits, subsidies, and contracts of insurance), all programs administered by a federal agency, and any entity created under Title I of the Affordable Health Care Act. The nondiscrimination protections also apply to the state Exchanges and the qualified health plans offering coverage.

2. Requirements to collect demographic data
The Affordable Health Care Act requires the collection of race, ethnicity, language, sex, and disability data in all HHS programs, activities and surveys, including capturing sufficient data to analyze by subgroups (such as breaking down "Asian" to subcategories including "Chinese", "Korean", etc.). In 2011, the Office of Minority Health released standards for collecting demographic data in national surveys, implementing these requirements. Further, all state Medicaid programs must utilize federal standards for collecting race and ethnicity data, and CHIP programs must begin collecting language data which federal regulations previously did not require.

3. Language access requirements for limited English proficient (LEP) individual 
Over 25 million individuals - 9% of our population - speak English less than "very well" and likely need assistance in accessing healthcare. In addition to the nondiscrimination provision, the Affordable Health Care Act explicitly requires culturally and linguistically appropriate services for providing notices of appeals, the Summary of Benefits and Coverage (SBC) and navigator programs. Additionally, qualified health plans participating in Exchanges must follow plain language requirements which include consideration of the needs of LEP consumers. Recent federal regulations set minimum thresholds for providing language services for notices and the SBC.


4. Inclusion of the Office of Minority Health and Office of Women's Health in the HHS Office of the Secretary
Moving these offices within the HHS Secretary's Office raises the profile and focus on disparities and women's health at HHS, which will ensure greater agency-wide focus and coordination to address these issues. The ACA also created 6 new offices of minority health within HHS agencies and 3 offices of women's health. 

COMING SOON: 

5. Expansion of Medicaid
By expanding Medicaid coverage to an additional 17 million individuals, the Affordable Health Care Act will significantly increase access to health care for people of color and other underserved individuals. Of the total Medicaid enrollees in 2010, 29% were black, 27% were Hispanic and nearly 60% were women. Medicaid access will help address disparities experienced by these populations due to a lack of health care.